Regression and Correlation are the most used and most abused tools in research. People are quick to jump to conclusions that if a relationship exists between two variables, then one must cause the other. There are many reasons why two variables can be related without causality. For example, there is a strong inverse relationship between the sale of ice cream and the number of reported cases of the flu -- does ice cream cure the flu? Of course not, but more ice cream is consumed in the summer, when the flu is minimized, thus there is a seasonal relationship, not a causal one. There is also a relationship between the seat belt lights turning on in an airplane and the existence of turbulence in flight, but the lights do not cause the turbulence. Give a plausible explanation for the following correlations: • There is a strong relationship between the amount of money people spend and the amount people save (in other words, people who spend more tend to save more). Does this mean that you can improve your life savings by spending more money? Explain how this correlation is true. • There is a strong relationship between the number of cops on our streets and the number of reported crimes. Does this mean that cops commit crimes or that criminals are more bold when cops are on the streets? Explain how this correlation is true.
In as much as there could be an inverse correlation in the fact that the people who spend more save more, the people who are thought to spend more have actually had a net worth that allows them to spend more. Therefore, their savings and investments turn out to be more than what they are spending, this is because they spent their early financial years in savings. An expenditure fund or emergency fund gives you a buffer to take care of unexpected expenses, so you won’t spend more than what you earn by blowing your savings or credit cards. According to Weisner (2010), it’s possible that these people tend to spend what they have budgeted specifically for expenditures.
Crime has always been a result of a breach of law. The crime could be an act that defines various vices in the society such as drug peddling, robbery with or without violence, carjacking or even pickpocketing which the majority of the youths are accomplices. In many societies, criminals do increase due to unfair judgments or corruption in the judiciary. In this case, many criminals bribe their way out, thus getting back to the streets to continue with their heinous acts. Furthermore, criminals may face unfair rulings where their cases are dismissed or they are declared innocent because there has been no sufficient evidence to prosecute them. This allows them to get back to the street and maximize on their vices. And this leads to an increase in the number of reported crimes. Moreover, it is worth noting that the number of criminals has always outnumbered that of the cops.
Weisner D., (2011) “The art of Financial Investment and Financial management” 2nd Episode
Donohue J., Levitt S., (2000) “The impact of Crime: What is behind the rising crime rate”
by EssayRoyal, Dec. 6, 2019, 6:49 p.m.